The Environmental Protection Act 1990 

Under this act, anyone that disposes of waste has a duty of care to ensure that waste is disposed of safely. 

Subjects covered by the Environmental Protection Act 1990 are as follows: 

● Waste management 

● Noise pollution 

● Neighbourhood pollution 

● Radioactive substances 

● Genetically Modified organisms 

● Nature Conservation 

Under the Environmental Protection Act 1990 it is unlawful to deposit, recover or dispose of controlled (including clinical) waste without a waste management licence, contrary to the conditions of a licence or the terms of an exemption, or in a way which causes pollution of the environment or harm to human health. Contravention of waste controls is a criminal offence. Section 34 of the act, places people concerned with controlled (including clinical) waste under a duty of care to ensure that the waste is managed properly, recovered or disposed of safely and is only transferred to someone who is authorised to keep it. Householders are exempt for their own household waste.

Hazardous healthcare waste is subject to the requirements of the Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005. [Extract taken from Gov.UK website https://www.gov.uk/healthcare-waste 30th June 2014] 

All commercial businesses must have a waste removal contract with either the council, or a private waste removal company. If you produce less than one bin bag full of clinical waste per collection, then you can dispose of clinical waste such as cotton wool and tissues with a normal waste collection. If you produce more than this per collection, then a suitable clinical waste contract must be obtained.